Woodland Pool Mosquito

woodlandmosquito

Overview

The woodland pool mosquito Aedes (Ochlorotatus) canadensis is an aggressive day biting mosquito that can be found in urban parks as well as rural areas. It can be a persistant biter. It is found east of the Missisippi River.

Identification

Adults have distinctive dark and white bands on their legs. This species is an aggressive day biting mosquito. The larvae are found in woodland pools.

wpmosquito

Biology

The larvae develop in temporary or semipermanent shaded woodland pools containing fallen leaves, and to a lesser extent in pools in small stream beds and pools and ditches adjacent to wooded areas. The species overwinters in the egg stage, and the larvae hatch in large numbers in the late winter and spring. it is seldom a troublesome biter in the eastern part of its range, even in areas where large numbers have recently emerged. In the western part of its range the females are persistent biters, attacking readily in shaded situations throughout most of the day.

The woodland pool mosquito feeds on a broad range of animals, including large and small mammals, birds and even reptiles. The mosquito has a particular affinity for turtles and is frequently seen in a cloud following a turtle that is crossing the road to lay its eggs during the month of May.

Medical Importance Aedes canadensis is considered a vector of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) and West Nile Virus (WNV), as well as a vector of dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis).

Control

The woodland pool mosquito can be a serious pest, especially in wooded areas close to its breeding habitat. The mosquito does not appear to range far but can be an aggressive biter in shaded areas. The mosquito appears to be extremely long lived and specimens are frequently collected nearly devoid of markings.

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