When to use baits
By leveraging knowledge about pest biology you may be able to save time, money and pesticides by using baits. Bait technology is constantly improving and each year there are more different types of baits on the shelves. The following tips may help you in achieving success with baits.
Baits work best with social insects such as termites, bees, wasps and ants. This is because when workers return to the nest, they share their food with other workers, brood and the queen.
Some of the most difficult pest to control with pesticide sprays are rather easy to eliminate using baits. Examples among ants are pavement ants, pharaoh ants, carpenter ants and odorous house ants.
New technology has improved the quality of baits and now termites can be erradicated using baits alone.
Wasps and bees are more difficult to attract to a bait source, but otherwise they can be eliminated with the use of baits as well.
Baits also work for cockroaches which die and become a secondary bait source for other cockroaches, creating a domino effect.
Baits do not work well on flies, spiders, silverfish, bedbugs and other solitary insects.
Types of baits
Rodenticide baits use an anti-coagulant to prevent blood clotting and the rodents hemorage internally. An important component of all baits is freshness. Once baits become old and dated they become rancid and actually repellent.
How to use baits
Baits should be used in small quanities and observed for effectiveness. All baits rely on a fresh food attractant and none of the commercial baits are date stamped. There is a code number which the manufacturer can look up and find the date of original manufacture. It may surprise many that after baits are created, they are distributed to regional warehouses and then to local retailers and then to the public where they can become ineffective due to the years that have passed. When baiting for ants, use very small quantities of baits and do not place too close to the colony or the ants will cover the bait with soil and debris and not feed.
Baits require very little chemical toxicant, should be in a delivery form that targets specific pests and can be cleaned up and removed after the pests are gone. Baits take a little patience and behavioral observation but are well worth the effort.
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